““The courage to continue is what distinguishes success from failure.” ― Winston Churchill” 



Exercise Mitra Shakti -VII: 2019(INDIA-SRILANKA)


Exercise Mitra Shakti -VII: 2019

      WHY IN NEWS: 

The seventh edition of Exercise MITRA SHAKTI- 2019 at pune


SYLLABUS COVERED:GS 3:Defence:Military exercise



For PRELIMS Concentrate on aim, venue and the edition of this exercise.

For MAINS this stands an important exercise in strengthening subsequent international relationship.


Which ministry ?Ministry of Defence

  • The seventh edition of Exercise MITRA SHAKTI- 2019 aimed at enhancing interoperability and operational efficiency amongst the armies of both India and Sri Lanka when deployed as part of United Nations peace keeping forces commenced on 01 December at Aundh Military Station, Pune.


  • The objective of the exercise is to build and promote positive relations between armies of India and Sri Lanka through focus on sub unit level training on counter insurgency and counter terrorism operations in urban and rural environment under United Nations mandate.
  • The joint training exercise also signifies the strength of India-Sri Lanka relations in the field of military cooperation and engagement, which is vital for refining the interoperability and operational preparedness.


  • The joint exercise is designed for incorporating the current dynamics of United Nations peace keeping operations through practical and comprehensive discussions and tactical exercises.
  • The primary focus of the joint training exercise will remain on field craft, battle drills and procedures as also the ability to operate jointly with seamless interoperability.


      IASbhai WINDUP: 

As member nations of the United Nations, the participating contingents will gain immensely through joint operability and enhanced military and diplomatic association.

      SOURCES:   PIB



GST Revenue collection


GST Revenue collection for November, 2019

      WHY IN NEWS: 

Rs 1,03,492 crore gross GST revenue collected in the month of November, 2019





For PRELIMS you have to understand the basics of GST and GST council . Different types of GST and their role.

For MAINS this is not an important issue.


Which ministry ?Ministry of Finance


The gross GST revenue collected in the month of November, 2019 is Rs 1,03,492 crore of which

  • CGST is Rs 19,592crore,
  • SGST is Rs 27,144crore,
  • IGST is Rs 49,028crore (including Rs 20,948crore collected on imports)
  • Cess is Rs7,727 crore (including Rs 869 crore collected on imports).
  • The total number of GSTR 3B Returns filed for the month of Octoberup to 30th November, 2019 is 77.83 lakh.
What is GSTR 3B? The GSTR-3B is a consolidated summary return of inward and outward supplies that the Government of India has introduced as a way to relax the requirements for businesses that have recently transitioned to GST.


  • The government has settled Rs 25,150crore to CGST and Rs 17,431crore to SGST from IGST as regular settlement.
  • The total revenue earned by Central Government and the State Governments after regular settlement in the month of November, 2019 is Rs 44,742 crore for CGST and Rs 44,576 crore for the SGST.


  • After two months of negative growth, GST revenues witnessed an impressive recovery with a positive growth of 6% in November, 2019 over the November, 2018 collections.
  • During the month, the GST collection on domestic transactions witnessed a growth of 12%, highest during the year.

The chart shows trends in revenue during the current year.


      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The GST collection on imports continued to see negative growth at (-)13%, but was an improvement over last month’s growth of (-)20%.

This is the eighth time since the inception of GST in July 2017 that monthly collection has crossed the mark of Rs one lakh crore. Also, November 2019 collection is the third highest monthly collection since introduction of GST, next only to April 2019 and March 2019collections.





Antibiotic prescription


Antibiotic prescription rate high in private sector

      WHY IN NEWS: 

India is considered to be one of the top users of antibiotics, says report

SYLLABUS COVERED:GS 3:Pharmaceuticals and biopharmaceuticals Antibiotics



For PRELIMS You have to dig in deep into this issue;Ex Antibiotics which are most popular throughout the year in news become important

For MAINS look at the pros and cons suggested in this report.


The private sector clocked high levels of antibiotic prescription rates (412 per 1,000 persons per year), according to a new study by researchers at the Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI). The highest rate was seen among children aged 0–4 years (636 per 1,000 persons) and the lowest in the age group 10–19 years (280 per 1,000 persons).




The study is the first ever estimate of outpatient antibiotic prescription ratesand patterns in the private sector and has been published this month in PLOS One titled — “Outpatient antibiotic prescription rate and pattern in the private sector in India”.


The authors used the 12-month period (May 2013-April 2014) medical audit data set .


  • The study said the percentage of prescriptions for wide-spectrum antibiotics like cephalosporins and quinolones (38.2% and 16.3%) was significantly higher than the U.S. (14.0% and 12.7%) and Greece (32.9% and 0.5%).
  • Unusually high prescription rates of beta-lactams-penicillins and cephalosporins in uncomplicated upper respiratory infections in children is in stark contrast to the prescription rates and pattern reported in Europe.
  • India is considered to be one of the top users of antibiotics and there is a growing problem of antimicrobial resistance.



Image result for cephalosporins

Image result for penicillins


Clinical guidelines

  • The judicious antibiotic use explicitly mentions that they should not be prescribed for common cold, non-specific upper respiratory tract infection (URI), acute cough illness and acute bronchitis, the study shows a high rate of prescriptions for respiratory infections in primary care.
  • The study highlighted that of the 519 million antibiotic prescriptions, the majority were dispensed for the diseases of the respiratory system (55%), followed by genitourinary system (10%) and symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical findings (9%); generally these infections are viral in origin and self–limiting in nature.


      IASbhai WINDUP: 

“Irrational prescription and use of antibiotics has its origins in production and selling tactics of pharma companies. There is a need to target antimicrobial stewardship programmes to specific constituencies and stakeholders to raise awareness on antibiotics and prevent its misuse.”

The study noted that the per capita antibiotic consumption in the retail sector has increased by around 22% in five years from 2012 to 2016.

The misuse of antibiotics and easy access fuels antimicrobial resistance (AMR) which is a growing concern worldwide and in India.





PSLV gearing up for its 50th flight


PSLV gearing up for its 50th flight

      WHY IN NEWS: 

In nearly three decades, it has launched more than 45 Indian payloads





For PRELIMS you have to look at the facts related to this mission.

For MAINS this article does not have much content as long as you know PSLV vs GSLV.


The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is preparing for the 50th flight of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), popularly called the agency’s workhorse. The lift-off of the PSLV-C48 mission is scheduled for December 11.




  • To date, 49 PSLV missions have lifted off from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota.
  • They include the initial three developmental flights — the designated PSLV D1, D2 and D3 — and 46 operational flights.
  • The total count includes two failed missions and the PSLV variants, such as PSLV-XL and PSLV-CA.


  • In a ‘career’ spanning nearly three decades, the PSLV has launched more than 45 Indian payloads — including the Chandrayaan 1 and Mars Orbiter Mission (Mangalyaan) spacecrafts — and 310 foreign satellites.
  • The C37 mission has the distinction of placing 104 satellites in orbit, a record.

50th FLIGHT:

The 50th flight would have 10 satellites on board, including India’s RISAT-2BR1 and nine small satellites from abroad.


      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Successor to the SLV and the ASLV, the PSLV is the ISRO’s third-gen launch vehicle, capable of placing payloads in different orbits, including the Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO).

And for those who do not know the difference between PSLV vs GSLV,






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