Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020-21 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2021.

“Happiness cannot be traveled to, owned, earned, or worn.It is the spiritual experience of living every minute with love, grace & gratitude.”– Denis Waitley

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

19th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2021

Kangri from Kashmir

      HEADLINES:

Kangri from Kashmir

      WHY IN NEWS:

An image was portrayed in the Hindu first page today . We found this is important for Prelims .

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Handicrafts

      ISSUE: 

KANGRI – EARTHEN BOWLS

19th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

SOURCES : VILLAGEINDIA

  • Besides woolens, one thing that Kashmiris think of while making preparations for combating the chilling cold of winter is kangri.
  • Kangri is an earthen bowl encased in an exquisitely woven wicker basket.
  • Kashmir experiences harsh winters, with temperatures as low as -80 C.
  • Kashmiris have traditionally used kangri and pheran for fighting against the cold.

The kangri, or kanger as it is locally known, is filled with embers and held against the body under a pheran, an overgarment unique to Kashmir, for providing warmth.

  • Kashmiris call the kangri a mobile heater as it can be carried along anywhere under the pheran.
  • Some keep the fire-pot under the blanket until it makes the bedding warm enough for sleeping comfortably and then remove it.

FEEDING FAMILIES

  • The artisan families that make the kangris are spread across Kashmir in different villages.
  • The potter makes the earthen bowl.

Men and women collect the slender wicker twigs from the forest.

  • They process the twigs by scraping, peeling, boiling and drying before weaving them into kangris.
  • The kangri-maker weaves the wicker basket around the bowl, providing two handles so that it can be carried easily.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Making kangri needs a lot of skill and patience.
  • Depending on the design, each piece costs between Rs 150 and Rs 1,500.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU | 19th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Kerala to commission genome survey

      HEADLINES:

Kerala to commission genome survey for SARS-CoV-2Study

      WHY IN NEWS:

To better understand the genomic variation in the strains of SARS-CoV-2 in the State, the Kerala government has tied up with the CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB) for a survey.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      ISSUE: 

Kerala to commission genome survey for SARS-CoV-2 Study, commissioned on November 11, will collect 100 samples from 14 districts for three months

WHAT IS GENOME SURVEY SEQUENCE ? 

In the fields of bioinformatics and computational biology, Genome Survey Sequences (GSS) are nucleotide sequences.

  • The only difference is that most of them are genomic in origin, rather than mRNA.
  • Genome Survey Sequences are typically generated and submitted to NCBI by labs performing genome sequencing .
  • These are used, amongst other things, as a framework for the mapping and sequencing of genome size pieces included in the standard GenBank divisions.

‘NEXTGEN’ SEQUENCING

  • In the case of Kerala; The genome sequencing uses an approach called ‘NextGen’ sequencing.

1000s of individual genomes can be simultaneously analysed, rare variations picked up and occasionally, SARS-CoV-2 missed by the gold standard RT-PCR test, detected.

  • This could demonstrate the utility in identifying apparently unconnected outbreaks.
  • It will also give  evidences to design or validate policy interventions—like strict quarantine of foreign travellers.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The study, commissioned on November 11, will collect 100 samples from 14 districts every month, for three months.
  • The United Kingdom and Australia have employed genome sequencing to map the outbreaks.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU | 19th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Finance panel for PPPs on health infra

      HEADLINES:

Finance panel for PPPs on health infra

      WHY IN NEWS:

Spending by the Centre and the States needs to go up very significantly in the sector, it says

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : Finance Commission

      ISSUE: 

The 15th Finance Commission has mooted a greater role for public private partnerships to ramp up health infrastructure and scale up public spending on health from 0.95% of the GDP to 2.5% by 2024.

19th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

  • While public outlays should focus on primary health care at the panchayat and municipality levels, private players should be relied on for specialty healthcare.-N.K Singh
  • The commission has recommended steps to fix the skewed availability of healthcare across India as poorer States have the worst facilities.

A NATIONAL CADRE

RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Mr. Singh recommended substantial improvements in the working conditions for doctors in government hospitals.

The creation of an Indian Medical Service cadre as envisaged in the Civil Services Act, 1951.

  • Total spending of around 0.95% of GDP is not adequate in relation to the commitments under the National Health Policy of 2017.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The Finance Commission recommendations will turn out to be a shining example of public private partnership.

     SOURCES:  THE HINDU | 19th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Getting MGNREGS wages harder than the labour

      HEADLINES:

Getting MGNREGS wages harder than the labour

      WHY IN NEWS:

  • Multiple bank visits, repeated rejections and biometric errors mar payment system.
  • This is a study by LibTech India released on Wednesday
MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Rural Development
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Schemes

      ISSUE: 

Many workers end up shelling out a third of their weekly wage just to withdraw it.

LOOSING MONEY

For most rural workers dependent on the Mahatama Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), their labour does not end at the work site.

HURDLES ON THE PAYMENT DATE

  • Many of them are forced to make multiple trips to the bank
  • Adding travel costs and income losses
  • They face repeated rejections of payment
  • Biometric errors and wrong information, just to get their hands on their wages.
  • The study found that only one in 10 workers get an SMS message that their wages have been credited.
  • A third of workers must visit the bank branch just to find out whether their wages have been credited.

CASE STUDY

EXAMPLE
Take a worker in Jharkhand who puts in a week of hard labour to earn ₹1,026 which the government credits directly into her bank account.

The study found that almost 40% of the workers must make multiple trips to the bank branch to withdraw their money.

  • It costs an average of ₹53 a trip, and as the branch is usually at the block headquarters a significant distance from her home village.
  • Paying ₹100 for travel for two trips, plus ₹342 for lost wages, plus about ₹25 for food.
  • The worker may spend ₹392, effectively shelling out a third of her weekly wage just to withdraw it.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Even in regular times, these last mile challenges make it hard for workers to access their own wages in a timely manner.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU | 19th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Stolen from temple, bronze idols return

      HEADLINES:

Stolen from temple, bronze idols return to Tamil Nadu after four decades

      WHY IN NEWS:

The idols are believed to be masterpieces of Indian metal art and vary between 74 cm and 90 cm in height.

MINISTRY? :- Ministry of Culture
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : Temples

      ISSUE: 

Union Culture Minister  handed over 13th-century bronze idols —of Ram, Lakshman and Sita — which were recently repatriated from the UK to the Tamil Nadu government at the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) headquarters in Delhi.

STOLEN IDOLS

19th Nov Current Affairs

  • These artefacts, stolen from a temple in the state more than 40 years ago, were handed over to the Indian High Commission on September 15 by the London Metropolitan Police.

These idols belong to the Sri Rajagopal Vishnu Temple (temple built during the Vijayanagara period) in Anandamangalam in Nagapattinam district of Tamil Nadu.

  • The idols are believed to be masterpieces of Indian metal art and vary between 74 cm and 90 cm in height.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The return of another 75-80 stolen antique pieces is in the pipeline, but the legal process takes a long time.
  • The origin of these idols could be proved with much ease since there was ample photographic documentation.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU  | 19th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

UK to ban diesel, petrol cars

      HEADLINES:

UK to ban diesel, petrol cars from 2030 for new Green Industrial Revolution

      WHY IN NEWS:

Downing Street says the government has mobilised 12 billion pounds for the 10-point plan, which it claims will support up to 250,000 jobs.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Carbon Neutral Economy : Carbon Sequestration

      ISSUE: 

UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson on Wednesday unveiled plans for a new Green Industrial Revolution for the country

  • It includes a ban on the sale of new petrol and diesel cars by 2030 and new measures to become a world leader in carbon capture.

UK has mobilised 12 billion pounds for the 10-point plan, which it claims will support up to 250,000 jobs.

KEY POINTS FROM THE 10-POINT PLAN

  • 1 billion pounds energy innovation fund to stay ahead of the latest technologies needed to reach new energy targets,
  • 5 billion pounds for alternative greener ways of travel including cycling, walking, and buses
  • 5.2 billion pounds to create for new flood and coastal defences in England by 2027.

200 million pounds of new funding will be available to create two carbon capture clusters by the mid-2020s

  • 525 million pounds will help develop large and smaller-scale nuclear plants, and research and develop new advanced modular reactors.
  • 582 million pounds will be in place for those buying zero or ultra-low emission vehicles

500 million pounds is earmarked for trialling homes using hydrogen for heating and cooking

  • 240 million pounds will go into new hydrogen production facilities.
  • Protecting and restoring the natural environment, including planting 30,000 hectares of trees every year.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Every country in the world needs to take action to secure the future of the planet for our generations to come.
  • UK prepares to co-host the Climate Ambition Summit on December 12 and the UN COP26 climate summit next year.
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU | 19th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Army builds extreme weather habitats

      HEADLINES:

Army builds extreme weather habitats for troops in Ladakh

      WHY IN NEWS:

Due to stand-off with China, more personnel will be stationed through the winter

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Defence

      ISSUE: 

Army has completed building extreme weather habitats for thousands of additional troops to remain deployed through the harsh winter.

  • In order to ensure the operational efficiency of the troops deployed in winters, the Army has completed the establishment of habitat facilities for all the troops deployed in the sector.
  • Apart from the smart camps with integrated facilities, additional state of the art habitats with integrated arrangements for electricity, water, heating facilities, health and hygiene have been recently created.

smart camp

HEATED TENTS

  • The troops on the front line were accommodated in heated tents as per tactical considerations of their deployment.
  • The construction was completed by mid-October.

Adequate civil infrastructure has also been identified to cater to any emergency requirements.

  • The altitude in Ladakh where troops are deployed ranges from 14,000 feet to 18,000 feet and the area experiences up to 40 feet of snowfall from December onwards.
  • Coupled with the wind chill factor, the temperature dips to minus 40 degrees Celsius, disrupting road access to the area for some time.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The Army recently procured 15,000 extreme weather clothing from the U.S. under the bilateral logistics pact, Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Understanding, for the additional troops in Ladakh.

     SOURCES:  THE HINDU  | 19th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

Vaccine trial showed 95% success: Pfizer

      HEADLINES:

Vaccine trial showed 95% success: Pfizer

      WHY IN NEWS:

Firm to apply for emergency U.S. nod

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases

      ISSUE: 

Pfizer Inc will seek emergency U.S. approval for its COVID-19 vaccine within days after final trial results showed its shot had a 95% success rate and no serious side effects

p fizer vaccine

EFFICACY OF THE VACCINE

  • The efficacy of the vaccine, which could be distributed from December, was found to be consistent across different ages and ethnicities.
  • The success rate of the vaccine developed by Pfizer and its German partner BioNTech is the highest of any candidate in late-stage clinical trials so far.
  • Pfizer said 170 volunteers in its trial, involving over 43,000 people, contracted COVID-19 but 162 of them had only been given a placebo, meaning the vaccine was 95% effective.
  • Of the 10 people who had severe COVID-19, one had received the vaccine.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Experts said it was a significant achievement in the race to end the pandemic.

SUGGESTED READING : ALL ABOUT –>PFIZER VACCINE 
     SOURCES:  THE HINDU | 19th Nov Current Affairs News Analysis

DISCOVER MORE : Important Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PRELIMS 2021

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