IASbhai DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB: 18th DECEMBER

 

“Don’t let small minds convince you that your dreams are too big.”

AP Chief Minister hints at three Capitals for State

      HEADLINES: 

Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister hints at three Capitals for State

      WHY IN NEWS:

South African model most viable; balanced development is the goal, says Jagan

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2:Governance

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS you need to know basics of multiple capital countries

For MAINS analyse whether this sounds a viable option in developing economies or not

      ISSUE: 

Mr. Jagan Mohan Reddy spoke his mind, and advocated decentralised development of the State.

STATEMENTS :

  • “We can think in terms of having three capitals — legislative, executive and judicial.
  • Visakhapatnam, which has infrastructure, can be considered for the executive capital without much investment,
  • While Amaravati can be retained as the legislative capital and
  • Kurnool can be considered for the judiciary capital. A reputed consultancy firm will give its report and a decision will be taken after discussing the details and logistics.

The RSA has three capitals — Pretoria, the administrative Capital, Cape Town, a legislative capital, and Blomemfontein, the judicial capital.

For UPSC you need to understand why capitals are important !
The word “capital” originates from the Latin capitalis, meaning “of the head“.

WHAT CAPITAL CITIES REPRESENT?

  •  A means of control, and a symbol of unity and diversity.Ex:Delhi

  • Political compromise Ex: Washington DC

  • Complicated historyEx:Berlin

  • The whims of strongmen.Ex:London

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

We will take up this issue in detail once the idea of three capital is confirmed.

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

 

 

Gujarat model kicks up a row

      HEADLINES: 

Advisory for Gujarat model kicks up a row

      WHY IN NEWS: 

Union Health Ministry for “non-interventional approach” during final stages of labour

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:IMR:Oxytocin

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS you need to understand PPH and how it is related to maternal mortality.

For MAINS nothing much important here !

      ISSUE: 

At a time when obstetricians are fighting to bring down the incidence of post-partum haemorrhage (PPH), the leading cause of maternal mortality in India, a recent advisory issued by the Union Health Ministry to States to adopt the Gujarat model of “non-interventional approach during the final stages of labour” as the best obstetric practice has kicked up a storm.

 

 

KEYFACTS :

  • Obstetricians say the advisory runs contrary to WHO recommendations and the best of proven international advisories and this can undo all their efforts to reduce PPH and prevent mothers bleeding to death.
Postpartum bleeding or postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is often defined as the loss of more than 500 ml or 1,000 ml of blood within the first 24 hours following childbirth. 
  • The Indian Medical Association (IMA) leadership demands that the Centre leave clinical decision-making to doctors and that the advisory be withdrawn as it sends out contradictory messages to nurses and birthing assistants.
  • The third stage is the time between the delivery of the baby and the expulsion of the placenta and its duration could be approximately six to 30 minutes.
  • The volume of blood loss during this time depends on how long it takes the placenta to separate from the uterine wall and how effectively the uterine muscle contracts in the immediate post-partum period. This can be quite tricky.
  • So in 2012, the WHO reaffirmed AMTSL, with the use of uterotonics (drugs to contract uterus and reduce bleeding) as the best critical measure.
  • The concern is about the delayed administration of oxytocin.
  • Uterine atony (failure of uterus to contract), followed by massive haemorrhage, occurs in the third and fourth stage.
  • Immediate administration of oxytocin as soon as foetus is delivered contracts the uterus and helps the expulsion of placenta without blood loss.
  • The WHO-recommended protocol of delaying cord clamping after birth is enough to allow the foetus more blood from placenta. The Ministry says its advisory is meant to make childbirth a “natural and positive experience” for women.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Kerala managed to bring down the PPH numbers drastically when in 2013 it developed and implemented the Quality Standards in Obstetric Care, in association with the NICE International. One of the key principles adopted is the WHO-recommended strategy of “active management of third stage of labour” (AMTSL).

The new advisory, however, advocates the physiological management or the “hands-off” approach during the third stage of labour.

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

 

 

Defence ties to get push at ‘2+2’

      HEADLINES: 

Defence ties to get push at ‘2+2’ with U.S.

      WHY IN NEWS: 

Jaishankar, Rajnath to meet Pompeo and Esper today

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2:IR

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS you need know 2+2 is all about !

For MAINS there are some points we have jotted down .

      ISSUE: 

The 2+2 format Dialogue provides for the annual consultations over a range of overlapping security and political issues between the foreign and defence ministers of both the countries.

There is no difference between the 2 plus 2 and 2 by 2 dialogue.

  • India has 2+2 (diplomatic and security) dialogue with Japan. It was launched in 2010.
  • The inaugural U.S.-India 2+2 Dialogue( which replaced India-U.S. Strategic and Commercial Dialogue for trade and commercial issues.) was supposed to take place in the month of July,2018. But now that it had been postponed, nothing can said much. U.S. postpones 2+2 dialogue with India.

Creating symbiosis: External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar with his U.S. counterpart Mike Pompeo.

KEYFACTS :

  • Enhanced defence cooperation, furthering their Indo-Pacific strategy, and discussions on global challenges, including U.S. policy in Iran and Afghanistan, are likely to feature at the top of the agenda as External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar and Defence Minister Rajnath Singh sit down for the second “2+2” combined ministerial meeting with their U.S. counterparts.
  • On the defence front, the two sides are expected to sign the Industrial Security Annex (ISA) and review steps being taken to operationalise the foundational agreement Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement (COMCASA), which was signed during the previous 2+2 talks. However, discussions on the last foundational agreement, Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement for Geo-spatial Cooperation (BECA) have not concluded yet.
  • The ISA is crucial for U.S. companies bidding for big ticket Indian deals to partner with the Indian private industry, especially the multi-billion dollar deal for 114 fighter jets. As part of efforts for co-development and co-production of military hardware, a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for Defence Technology Trade Initiative (DTTI) is also expected to be signed that “will act as a guide to coordinate projects.”
  • These include the 24 Lockheed Martin MH-60R Multi-Role helicopters worth $2.4bn and 13 BAE Systems- built 127 mm MK-45 Naval gun systems, among others.
  • However, the threat of U.S. sanctions under CAATSA over S-400 air defence purchases from Russia remains a sticking point.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

“The 2+2 dialogue is the highest-level institutional mechanism between India and USA that brings together our perspectives on foreign policy, defence and strategic issues,”

“A lot of progress has been made in the areas of foreign policy and defence between our two countries and we are looking forward to a highly qualitative meeting”

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

 

 

Limit deputation of IPS officers in paramilitary

      HEADLINES: 

Limit deputation of IPS officers in paramilitary at 25%: RS panel

      WHY IN NEWS: 

It has objected to the overuse of CAPF personnel

 

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2: Bureaucracy

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS you need to know everything about CRPF

For MAINS this sounds ambiguous issue. Spare such articles.

      ISSUE: 

CRPF is the largest Central Armed Police Force of the country entrusted with the responsibility of enabling the Government in maintaining rule of law, public order and internal security effectively and efficiently and to preserve national integrity and promote social harmony & development by placing service and loyalty above self.

 

CRPF personnel deployed for poll duty in Madurai.

  • A Rajya Sabha committee has objected to the overuse of the Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) for rigorous internal security and election-related duties to the extent that even the reserved battalions are deployed not giving them enough time for rest and recuperation.
  • To boost the morale of the CAPFs, the committee insisted on limiting deputation of officers from the IPS and the armed forces to CAPFs at 25% and the CAPFs cadres should be given an opportunity to become the Director General of respective forces.
  • The committee insisted on paying paramilitary service pay to the CAPF on par with the defence forces personnel.

Referring to suicides in the CAPFs, the committee urged the Ministry to put in place an institutional mechanism with representatives of the MHA, the Bureau of Police Research and Development, heads of various forces and experts in public health, mental health, psychology and psychiatry to address the issue.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The mission of the Central Reserve Police Force shall be to enable the government to maintain Rule of Law, Public Order and Internal Security effectively and efficiently, to Preserve National Integrity and Promote Social Harmony and Development by upholding supremacy of the Constitution.

“The committee noted that the defence forces personnel are being paid Military Service Pay in view of the risk to life and social and family isolation and argued that the CAPF also deserves similar incentive in the form of Paramilitary Service Pay as they also face similar risks and isolation.

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

 

 

 Broadband access to all villages by 2022

      HEADLINES: 

Govt. aims to provide broadband access to all villages by 2022

      WHY IN NEWS: 

“The National Broadband Mission will facilitate universal and equitable access to broadband services across the country, especially in rural and remote areas

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Broadband connection:Spectrum:Telecommunication

      LEARNING: 

For PRELIMS just know this scheme and its vision.

      ISSUE: 

The government on Tuesday announced a new ‘mission’ aimed at providing broadband access to all villages by 2022, entailing an investment of around ₹7 lakh crore from various stakeholders.

 

KEYFACTS :

  • It would also aim at significantly improving quality of services for mobile and Internet.
  • State plans to lay incremental 30 lakh route km of optical fibre cable, while also increasing tower density from 0.42 to 1 tower per thousand of population by 2024.
  • The mission envisages stakeholder investment of $100 billion (₹7 lakh crore) including ₹70,000 crore from Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) in the coming years and “address policy and regulatory changes required to accelerate the expansion and creation of digital infrastructure and services.”
Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF): This was formed by the Central Government to help fund projects to boost connectivity in rural areas. The money for this fund comes through a ‘Universal Access Levy,’ charged from the telecom operators as a percentage of various licenses fees being paid by them.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

The vision of the national broadband mission is to fast-track growth of digital communications infrastructure, bridge the digital divide, facilitate digital empowerment and inclusion, and provide affordable and universal access of broadband for all

      SOURCES:  THE HINDU 

 

 

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