Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 | 16th July 2020

Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2020.

“Don’t raise your voice, improve your argument.” –Anonymous


ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.


BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

Today's Must Read Articles : Today's Must Read Articles :

Carbon pricing


Carbon pricing works to reduce emissions, says study

      WHY IN NEWS:

Carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel combustion in countries that have carbon pricing are two percentage points lower than those that do not have such systems in place

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 1 : 3 : Climate Change : Global Warming


For PRELIMS go through the definitions of Carbon Pricing .

For MAINS compare the countries and note down the steps initiated by the countries for Carbon Pricing.


Carbon pricing works to strongly reduce emissions.

  • A recent study that examined 142 countries from the beginning of such pricing systems in the 1990s.


Carbon pricing” is a market-based strategy for lowering global warming emissions.

  • The aim is to put a price on carbon emissions—an actual monetary value—so that the costs of climate impacts.
  • This sets the opportunities for low-carbon energy options are better reflected in our production and consumption choices.


  • Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuel combustion in countries that had carbon pricing were 2 percentage points lower than those that did not have such systems in place.
  • COemissions fell 2 per cent between 2007 and 2017 in countries with a carbon price.
  • While they increased by 3 per cent in countries that did not have such pricing.


  • Countries were more or less focused on improved technologies, renewable energy policies and differences in fuel tax rates.
  • There are, however, technical and capacity limitations in several countries over monitoring carbon prices.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Pricing carbon should reduce emissions because relative prices are changed in favour of clean energy options.

  • Carbon pricing, however, must be done keeping equity in mind.
  • Not all socio-economic classes have contributed equally to climate change and carbon pricing cannot become an imposition on those who are most vulnerable to the crisis.
     SOURCES: DownToEarth | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

India Energy Modeling Forum


India–US Strategic Energy Partnership

      WHY IN NEWS:

Sustainable Growth Pillar India Energy Modeling Forum Launch on July 2, 2020



For PRELIMS understand the purpose of energy modelling forums in Indian context , Partners and governance .


Sustainable Growth Pillar is an important pillar of India–US Strategic Energy Partnership co-chaired by NITI Aayog and USAID.

India Energy Modeling Forum

  • In the joint working group meeting of the Sustainable Growth Pillar on July 2, 2020, an India Energy Modeling Forum was launched.

The SG pillar entails energy data management, energy modelling and collaboration on low carbon technologies .

  • There exist energy modelling forums in different parts of the World.
  • The Energy Modelling Forum (EMF) in USA was established in 1976 at Stanford University .

The forum provides an unbiased platform to discuss the contemporary issues revolving around energy and environment.

  • In India, there was no formalized and systematic process of having a modeling forum.


  • AIM : Provide a platform to examine important energy and environmental related issues.

Inform decision-making process to the Indian government.

  • COOPERATION : Improve cooperation between modelling teams, government, and knowledge partners, funders.
  • FORUM : Facilitate exchange of ideas, ensure production of high-quality studies.
  • IDENTIFYING GAPS : Identify knowledge gaps at different levels and across different areas.
  • GOVERNING STRUCTURE : NITI Aayog will initially coordinate the activities of the forum and finalizing its governing structure.
  • MEMBERS : The forum would include knowledge partners, data agencies and concerned government ministries.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

This initiative will  build capacity of Indian institutions.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Conjugate Vaccine


Market approval for Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Conjugate Vaccine given by DCGI

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases


For PRELIMS go through the vaccine’s name and disease it cures . Do not forget the developers .


Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) has given approval to the first fully indigenously developed Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Conjugate Vaccine.


  • This vaccine has been developed by M/s. Serum Institute of India Pvt. Ltd, Pune.


  • Serum Institute first obtained the approval of DCGI to conduct Phase I, Phase II and Phase III clinical trials of Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Conjugate Vaccine in India.
  • These trials have since been concluded within the country.
  • The said Company has also conducted these clinical trials in another country i.e. Gambia.

This vaccine is used for active immunization against invasive disease and pneumonia caused by “Streptococcus pneumonia” in infants.

  • This is the first indigenously developed vaccine in the field of pneumonia.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Company applied for approval and permission to manufacture this vaccine.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Diagnostic Kit Corosure


Union HRD Minister Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ Launches World’s Most Affordable COVID-19 Diagnostic Kit Corosure Developed by IIT Delhi

      WHY IN NEWS:

Corosure Kit is a step towards Prime Minister’s vision and exhortations to innovative youth to ensure a healthier and self-reliant India – Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’

MINISTRY? :-Ministry of Human Resource Development
SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3:Health:Diseases


World’s most affordable RT-PCR based COVID-19 diagnostic kit developed by IIT Delhi and approved by the ICMR and DCGI  


  • Country requires cheap and reliable testing for the country which can help to control the pandemic.
  • The Corosure Kit has been developed indigenously and is much cheaper than other kits.

The base price of the RT-PCR assay is Rs 399.

  • The  kit has received ICMR approval with the highest score and DCGI approved with a very high sensitivity and specificity.


  • Even after adding the RNA isolation and laboratory charges, the cost per test will be considerably cheaper compared to currently available kits in the market.
  • It was also the first probe-free as say for COVID-19 approved by the ICMR.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

IIT Delhi has given license to 10 companies to manufacture COVID-19 diagnostic kit using the technology developed by its researchers.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

India’s population may peak by 2047


India’s population may peak by 2047

      WHY IN NEWS:

Country’s numbers unlikely to top a billion by turn of century, says Lancet study



When this century ends, India may no longer be a country of a billion




  • At the current rate of growth, India’s population is likely to peak by 2047 at about 1.61 billion and then decline to 1.03 billion by 2100.
  • However, were it to meet UN Sustainable Goal Development targets, the peak would be earlier and see a population decline to 929 million.
  • Conventional wisdom is that though a decline in population is expected, it is expected to begin only around 2046 .


  • The sharper fall is due to the assumption that all women globally will have have much higher access to contraception and education.
  • This scenario will lead to a sharper reduction in the Total Fertility Rate.

A TFR lower than 2.1, it is said, leads to a decline in a country’s population.

  • TFRs are converging towards a level of approximately 1·75 in North America,Europe and South East Asia.- UNDP

      IASbhai WINDUP: 


  • India will, however, remain the most populous country.

The five largest countries in 2100 (are projected) to be India, Nigeria, China, the U.S. and Pakistan.

  • Nigeria is forecast to have continued population growth through 2100 and was expected to be the second most populous country by then.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU & PIB | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

Let us ‘Discuss’

16th July | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

Let us know what you think about this in the comment section.

     SOURCES:THE HINDU | Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020


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