Dear Aspirants
IASbhai Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2020-21 is an initiative to dilute major articles from leading Newspapers in India which are most relevant to UPSC preparation –‘THE HINDU, LIVEMINT , INDIAN EXPRESS’ and help millions of readers who find difficulty in answer writing and making notes everyday. Hence we choose articles on daily basis and analyse them with respect to UPSC PRELIMS 2021.

A real decision is measured by the fact that you’ve taken a new action. If there’s no action, you haven’t truly decided.– Tony Robbins

HIGHLIGHT INFO:

ORANGE COLOUR: Important for Prelims.

RED COLOUR: Important for Mains.

BLACK COLOUR: Must Read !

BLUE COLOUR : Important Links/Survey.

PINK COLOUR: Reports/Themes/Summits.

15th Oct Current Affairs News Analysis | Prelims & Mains 2021

 

75th Anniversary of FAO

      HEADLINES:

PM to release commemorative coin of Rs 75 denomination to mark the 75th Anniversary of FAO

      WHY IN NEWS:

Hot from PIB !

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : UN : Institutions

      CONTEXT: 

PM to also dedicate to the Nation 17 recently developed biofortified varieties of 8 crops

THE FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION (FAO)

  • FAO is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
  • The UN system, also known unofficially as the ‘UN family‘.
  • It is made up of the UN itself and a series of Programmes, Funds and Specialized Agencies, all with their own leadership and budget.
  • The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.

FAO goal is to achieve food security for all .
It makes sure that people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives.

  • With over 194 member states, FAO works in over 130 countries worldwide. 

INDIA AND FAO

  • The journey of FAO in making the vulnerable classes and masses stronger, economically and nutritionally, has been unparalleled.
  • India has had a historic association with FAO.
  • Indian Civil Service Officer Dr. Binay Ranjan Sen was the Director General of FAO during 1956-1967.
  • The World Food Programme, which has won the Nobel Peace Prize 2020, was established during his time.

India’s proposals for the International Year of Pulses in 2016 and the International Year of Millets 2023 have also been endorsed by FAO.

COMBATING MALNUTRITION

  • India has rolled out an ambitious POSHAN Abhiyaan targeting over 100 million people with the aim to reduce stunting, undernutrition, anaemia, and low birth weight.
  • Malnutrition is a global problem with two billion people suffering from micronutrient deficiency.
  • Nearly 45% of deaths among children are linked to malnutrition.
  • Appropriately, it is one of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals of the UN.

The development of nutritionally rich varieties of crops with elevated levels of micronutrients iron, zinc, calcium, total protein, quality of protein is the need of hour .

  • With high lysine and tryptophan, anthocyanin, provitamin A, and oleic acid, and reduced level of anti-nutritional factors etc. has been accorded top priority by the government.
  • The National Agricultural Research System under the leadership of Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) developed 53 such varieties during the last five years.
  • There was only one biofortified variety developed prior to 2014.

TRANSFORMING INDIAN THALI INTO NUTRI-THALI

  • The 17 recently developed biofortified varieties of 8 crops to be dedicated to the nation by the Prime Minister will have up to 3.0-fold increase in nutritional value.
  • The rice variety CR Dhan 315 has high zinc.

Wheat variety HI 1633 rich in protein, iron and zinc , HD 3298 rich in protein and iron and DBW 303 and DDW 48 rich in protein in wheat.

  • Ladhowal Quality Protein Maize Hybrid 1, 2 and 3 rich in lysine and tryptophan.
  • CFMV1 and 2 of finger millet rich in calcium, iron and zinc; CLMV1 of little Millet rich in iron and zinc;
  • Pusa Mustard 32 with low erucic acid;

Girnar 4 and 5 of groundnut with enhanced oleic acid and yam variety Sri Neelima and DA 340 with enhanced zinc, iron and anthocyanin content.

  • These varieties, along with other food ingredients, will transform the normal Indian thali into nutri-thali.
  • These varieties have been developed by utilizing the local landraces and farmer’s varieties.
  • The high zinc rice has been developed from landraces of Assam rice collected from Garo hills and those of finger millets from Gujarat collections of Dang district.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • ICAR has started Nutri-Sensitive Agricultural Resources and Innovations (NARI) programme for promoting family farming linking agriculture to nutrition.
  • The production of bio-fortified crop varieties will be upscaled and linked with government programmes of mid-day meal, Anganwadi etc.
  • This will also usher in higher income of farmers and will open new avenues of entrepreneurship development.
SUGGESTED READING : http://www.fao.org/in-action/en/ 
     SOURCES:PIB | 15th Oct Current Affairs News Analysis

Wildfires and Mental Health

      HEADLINES:

Spike in deaths, mental health concerns: Report flags consequences of wildfires

      WHY IN NEWS:

Between 1997 and 2016, the global mean carbon dioxide emissions from wildfires were approximately 22% of carbon emissions from burning fossil fuels.

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Forests

      ISSUE: 

If high greenhouse gas emissions continue, wildfire exposure could substantially increase to over 74 per cent of the global land mass by the end of the 21st century.

TITLE OF THE REPORT

  • Wildfires, Global Climate Change, and Human Health

PUBLISHED BY

  • The report was published in the New England Journal of Medicine on October 10, 2020.
  • They analysed global wildfires for over 20 years.

KEY POINTS

Wildfires are one of the most devastating manifestations of human-induced climate change.

  • It warned that forest loss in tropical areas due to wildfires damaged the Earth’s ability to absorb CO2 and to cool the climate.

These wildfires can sequentially increase mortality, morbidity and mental health concerns.

  • Between 1997 and 2016, the global mean carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from wildfires were approximately 22 per cent of the carbon emissions from burning fossil fuels.

REACHING NET ZERO AROUND 2050

  • It added that reaching the 1.5 degrees Celsius target would require reducing global net CO2 emissions by about 45 per cent from 2010 levels by 2030.
  • The 1.5°C target would remain achievable if CO2 emissions declined by 7.6 per cent per year from 2020 to 2030.
  • The report flagged concerns on human health, including one’s mental health.

Wildfires could lead to traumatic experiences, property loss and displacement, residents in affected areas would be at an increased risk for mental illness.

  • This also includes post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and insomnia.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • Heat-related illnesses ranging from dehydration-induced heat cramps to life-threatening heat stroke were also highly likely.
  • Wildfire bring heavy smoke can cause eye irritation and corneal abrasions and can substantially reduce visibility, increasing the risk of traffic accidents.
  • As far as 1,000 kilometre away, wildfire smoke can increase ambient air pollution, along with associated risks of illness and death.
     SOURCES:DownToEarth | 15th Oct Current Affairs News Analysis

SC upholds : Elephant corridor in Tamil Nadu

      HEADLINES:

SC upholds 2011 Madras HC order on elephant corridor in Tamil Nadu

      WHY IN NEWS:

Judgment comes on 32 appeals

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 3: Environment and Ecology

      ISSUE: 

It is the State’s duty to protect a “keystone species” like elephants, the SC said.

THE VERDICT

  • The Supreme Court on Wednesday upheld the Tamil Nadu government’s authority to notify an elephant corridor .

The verdict protects the migratory path of the animals through the Nilgiri biosphere reserve.

  • The reserve is the largest protected forest area in the country, spanning across Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.

LOCATION

  • The corridor is situated in the ecologically fragile Sigur plateau.
  • It connects the Western and the Eastern Ghats and sustains elephant populations and their genetic diversity.

It has the Nilgiri hills on its southwestern side and the Moyar river valley on its northeastern side.

  • The elephants cross the plateau in search of food and water, depending on the monsoon.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

NOMADIC MODE

  • Elephant corridors allow elephants to continue their nomadic mode of survival, despite shrinking forest cover.

Elephant corridors are facilitating travel between distinct forest habitats.
 

  • These corridors play a crucial role in sustaining wildlife by reducing the impact of habitat isolation.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU | 15th Oct Current Affairs News Analysis

Loan Borrowers Waiver scheme

      HEADLINES:

‘Loan borrowers’ Deepavali is in your hands, SC tells Centre

      WHY IN NEWS:

It questions need to wait till Nov. 15 to notify compound interest waiver scheme

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : Governance

      ISSUE: 

The Supreme Court asked Centre to notify the implementation of a scheme for waiving the compound interest accumulated during the moratorium against loans worth up to ₹2 crore.

15th Oct Current Affairs News Analysis
  • The scheme is meant to “hand-hold small and vulnerable borrowers” whose fortunes have dipped during the lockdown.

The waiver scheme has been proposed for eight different categories, including MSME, education, housing, consumer durables, credit card, auto, personal and consumption loans.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) had termed the Centre’s resolve an “additional relief” for pandemic-induced financial distress among borrowers.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU | 15th Oct Current Affairs News Analysis

Special Marriage Act

      HEADLINES:

HC notice to Centre on same-sex couples’ pleas

      WHY IN NEWS:

Petitions seek Special Marriage Act and Foreign Marriage Act be applicable to all regardless of gender

SYLLABUS COVERED: GS 2 : Judiciary

      CONTEXT: 

SPECIAL MARRIAGE ACT OF 1954

  • The SMA is a law which allows solemnization of marriages without going through any religious customs or rituals.

People from different castes or religions or states get married under SMA in which marriage is solemnized by way of registration. 

  • The prime purpose of the Act was to address Inter-religious marriages and to establish marriage as a secular institution bereft of all religious formalities.

PROCEDURE

  1. One of the parties to the marriage has to give a notice of the intended marriage to the marriage officer of the district .
  2. At least one of the parties to the marriage has resided for at least 30 days immediately prior to the date on which such notice is given.
  3. Such notice is then entered in the marriage notice book .
  4. The marriage officer publishes a notice of marriage at some conspicuous place in his office.
  5. The notice of marriage published by the marriage officer includes details of the parties like names, date of birth, age, occupation, parents’ names and details, address, pin code, identity information, phone number etc.
  6. Anybody can then raise objections to the marriage on various grounds provided under the Act.
  7. If no objection is raised within the 30 day period, then marriage can be solemnized.
  8. If objections are raised, then the marriage officer has to inquire into the objections after which he will decide whether or not to solemnize the marriage.

VERDICT
The Delhi High Court – declared that the Special Marriage Act (SMA) and the Fore-ign Marriage Act (FMA) ought to apply to all couples regardless of their gender identity and sexual orientation.

‘MARRIAGE NOT DEFINED’

  • Marriage is not defined… When something goes against what an authority in India has been seeing for his/her entire life, they won’t accept it.

Marriage under Indian law is customary, not statutory.

  • Delhi High Court said that sexual orientation could not be grounds for discrimination.

      IASbhai WINDUP: 

  • The two women in their petition stated that lack of a legal structure around their relationship became increasingly stark when they tried to bring each other on as nominees in financial plans.
  • The two men sought for legal recognition of their status as a married couple, to be able to secure the rights and benefits for each other, appurtenant to the legal recognition of marriage in India.
     SOURCES:THE HINDU  | 15th Oct Current Affairs News Analysis

 

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